Management of Acute Respiratory Failure, ARDS and Pneumonia in the Inpatient Setting

Pre-recorded breakout session workshops


Andrea Braun, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

Dr. Braun attended medical school in Heidelberg, Germany, and worked in the UK and Germany for a couple years after graduation. She then relocated to the US and did an internal medicine residency at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, and nephrology fellowship training at Harvard Medical School at the Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Massachusetts General Hospital. After working as a hospitalist for one year at Massachusetts General Hospital, she pursued a critical care medicine fellowship at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. Dr. Braun practiced in critical care in Baltimore, MD, and then moved to Baylor College of Medicine in 2016 as Assistant Professor of Medicine. She attends in the medical and cardiac ICUs at Baylor St. Luke's Medical Center and teaches residents and fellows. Dr. Braun loves medical education and serves as the Assistant Program Director for the Critical Care Medicine Fellowship at Baylor College of Medicine. She also has an interest in the use of ultrasound and echocardiography in the ICU.


Session Description:

Acute respiratory failure, caused by pneumonia or other disease processes, is commonly encountered in the inpatient setting by providers from many specialties. This session will discuss the diagnosis and management of acute respiratory failure. Pneumonia is one of the most common causes of acute respiratory failure and ARDS in the hospital. This session will review the definition, diagnosis and management of community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia in the hospital setting, based on the newest guidelines. ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) is a life-threatening form of acute respiratory failure that can be caused by both infectious and non-infectious etiologies. We will review the definition, diagnosis and evidence-based management of ARDS, including the role of mechanical ventilation, prone positioning, and ECMO in this patient population.



  1. Diagnose acute respiratory failure and distinguish between different etiologies
  2. Diagnose hospital-acquired pneumonia in the inpatient setting
  3. Recognize Respiratory Distress Syndrome


Recommended Books:

  1. Evidence-Based Practice of Critical Care. 3rd Edition, Clifford S. Deutschman, Patrick J. Neligan. ISBN-13: 978-0323640688
  2. Management of Adults with Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: 2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society. Kalil et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2016.
  3. An Official American Thoracic Society/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline: Mechanical Ventilation in Adult Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Fan E et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. May 1, 2017.
  4. Diagnosis and Treatment of Adults with Community-acquired Pneumonia. An Official Clinical Practice Guideline of the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Metlay J et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 200, Oct 1, 2019.